The only thing certain about Natural Disasters is that, you can’t predict about them. That is why they are called disasters. Earthquake is one such form of disasters that can cause huge damage to the humanity and unleash havoc upon the structures built by humans. The recovery after such dangerous disasters can be very costly. During the earthquakes collapsing of buildings and other structures is very common. It can also cause loss of lives due to the collapsing of buildings during an earthquake.
However it is almost impossible to nullify the effects of a severe earthquake completely, but by following some modern safety measures we can save buildings and structures from collapsing during an earthquake of low Richter. With the advancements in technology and constant research of architects and engineers, we have been able to find some ways to reduce the casualty and damage caused by earthquakes.
Here are some ways which you can follow to construct an earthquake resistant structure:
- Conduct a Site Inspection – Conduct a site inspection before starting the construction process. It’s better to survey the area and find out if the construction site is prone to earthquake or not. Countries like Japan and Nepal are very prone to earthquakes. That’s why they use special kind of construction techniques to counter the effects of earthquakes.
- Keeping the Foundation Moisture Constant – The water and soil conditions play an important role in strengthening the foundation of any house. That’s why you should focus on keeping the foundation moisture of a structure constant. The gutters at the roof must be kept clean to avoid water clogging.
Use Plywood Braces for Cripple Walls – It is a very good idea to use plywood braces for the cripple walls of any structure. These wooden walls provide support to the original walls and help in evenly spreading the stress of the ceiling and also act as shock absorbers. In Japan (where earthquakes are very common) many houses are completely made up of wooden structures. Even if an earthquake strikes the loss of property and the casualties caused due to people getting buried under the fallen structures is very less in comparison to those built with concrete and cement